THERMOSELECT Vivera Facility in Karlsruhe / Germany The THERMOSELECT facility in Karlsruhe consists of 3 thermal lines for waste treatment, with an annual throughput capacity of 225,000 tonnes and a calorific design value of 12 MJ/kg. It began operation in 1999 to treat the residual waste from the surrounding towns and rural districts. In addition, successful experiments were conducted using light shredder fractions and high-calorie residual substances from biological-mechanical facilities (RDF). In both cases - when domestic waste was used and when special fractions were tested - excellent environmental results, such as extremely low emission levels, were achieved. As a result of general business strategy decisions, however, the owners of this facility, ENBW Energie Baden-Württemberg AG, closed the facility at the end of 2004.                    Machine installation                                 Construction of the process hall The waste is delivered by trucks and rail. Vehicle scales in the entrance area record the quantities delivered and pass the results to the central database.                    Waste delivery by truck                             Waste delivery by train The waste is compressed in a press and then pushed into a degasification duct. The waste is passed through the degasification channel into the high temperature reactor.                     Press in machine frame                           Press cylinder The organic components are gasified at temperatures up to 2000°C in the high temperature reactor and the inert fractions are melted. The metallic and mineral phases separate in the connected homogenisation duct.                    High temperature reactor                          Homogenisation duct The energy rich synthesis gas produced runs through several cleaning stages and is then used in a steam turbine power station for electricity and district heating generation.                Process hall                                          Steam turbine building